Clinical characterization of patients with psoriatic arthritis

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Danilo Garcia Ruiz
Mário Newton Leitão de Azevedo
Omar Lupi da Rosa Santos


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis is a disease with variable and heterogeneous clinical presentation at the dermatological or rheumatological point of view. Multiple combinations within their subtypes are possible. This survey had the aim to characterize a group of patients with psoriatic arthritis and describe a pattern of them to contribute to better understanding the disease. METHODS: This study had cross-sectional design and had evaluated 45 patients with psoriatic arthritis under treatment at the Rheumatology Department of University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Demographic and clinical data obtained were treated descriptively. RESULTS: Male patients are 57.8% of the sample. They are 52.9 years-old at average. Most of them are overweight and dyslipidemic. Utilize methotrexate 64.4% of patients and TNF-α inhibitors 31.1%. Plaque type psoriasis was found in 88.9%. Joints most affected are hands and wrists accompanied by 86.7% of extra-articular manifestations. CONCLUSION: Sample studied is composed mostly by male gender, with cardiovascular risk factors, plaque type psoriasis, peripherical polyarthritis and with extra-articular manifestations.

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